The Almas is generally believed to be wild people in appearance and in habits than compared to apes. They are usually described as human-like bipedal animals that are between five and six and a half feet tall with reddish-brown hair covering their whole bodies. Their facial features are anthropomorphic including a pronounced brow ridge, flat nose, and weak chin. It’s also described as hairy, stinky, mute, and living in “paleolithic squalor” at the base of the Himalayas. Many cryptozoologists believe that there is a similarity between the Almas and the modern reconstructions of how Neanderthals might have looked, but there is no physical evidence to support that statement.
The Grootslang, also known as the Grote Slang (which means “big snake” in Afrikaans and Dutch language) is a legendary cryptid that supposedly lives in a deep cave in Richtersveld, South Africa. According to legend it is as old as the world itself. Centuries ago, the gods made a terrible mistake when they created Grootslang. They gave it incredible strength, made it cunning, and made it intelligent. After they realized their mistakes, they turned the Grootslang into several animals, resulting in the first snakes and elephants. However, one escaped and that is where the other Grootslang were born from it. It supposedly devours elephants that it lures into it’s cave. The cave is known as “Wonder Hole” or “Bottomless Pit” and it’s supposedly filled with diamonds. The Grootslang is said to be able to live in warm rivers as well as lakes. In Benin, it is supposedly a large elephant-like creature with a serpent’s tail.
The Ahool is a flying cryptid that is supposedly a giant bat or a living pterosaur or flying primate. It’s a cryptid that is not well documented and there is no material evidence that exists of it. It was named Ahool for its distinctive call that sounds the same. It is said to live in the deepest rainforest of Java in Indonesia. It is described as having large dark eyes, large claws on its forearms as large as an infant, covered in gray fur, and have a wingspan of 3 meters (10 feet) long.
One speculation of its existence is by cryptozoologist Ivan T. Sanderson who says that it might be a relative of kongamato in Africa. Others suggest that it may be a living fossil pterosaur on account of its leathery wings. There are some who believe it’s merely a large owl.
The Brosno Dragon, or Brosnya, is a lake monster which is said to inhabit Lake Brosno near Andreapol in West Russia. It has been described as to resemble a dragon or a dinosaur. It is the subject of a number of regional legends, some that have been said to date back to the 13th century. Many people treat its existence skeptically and still claim it is not a dragon but a mutant beaver or a giant pike that is 100 to 150 years old. Others say that it is a group of wild boars and elk that cross the lake once in a while.
There are some scientific hypotheses about the dragon. Some think that the dragon is merely hydrogen sulfide gases going up from the bottom of the lake and making the water boil which in turn creates a dragon head, but the amount of hydrogen sulfide to make this would have to be enormous. There is also speculation that there is a volcano under Lake Brosno that is causing disturbances on the surface that are seen as something like a dragon. Fishermen say that the underwater world of the lake has several levels and that at times there are burbots and yellow perch that are in the lake. No one is entirely sure what is in Lake Brosno, but there are many possibilities as to what it is.
The giant squid, or genus Architeuthis, is a deep-sea dwelling squid. It can grow to tremendous sizes, and in recent estimates put the maximum size at 13 meters (43 feet) for females and 10 meters (33 feet) for males from the posterior fins to the tip of the two long tentacles. The mantle is about 2 meters (6.6 feet) and the length of the squid excluding the tentacles rarely exceeds 5 meters (16 feet) but bigger sizes have yet to be documented. The number of different species of giant squid have been debated but recent genetic research suggests that so far only one species exists.
In 2004, Japanese researchers took the first images of a live giant squid in its natural habitat, and in 2012 a live adult was filmed in its natural habitat of Chichi-jima.
The Turtle Lake Monster is something from Canadian folklore. It is some type of entity that lives in Turtle Lake in West Central Saskatchewan. It is usually described as being three to nine meters long (about 9.9 feet to 29.5 feet), scaly, has no dorsal fin, a head resembling a dog (also known to have a head to resemble a seahorse or a pig). Natives in the area are said to be nervous about the attention the supposed monster might bring to the area so they claim it is just a massive sturgeon that people are seeing. About once a year someone claims to see this creature or have some sort of encounter with it. Reports date back to pre-settlement days when the local Cree tribe had a legend of people who vanished without a trace when they ventured into the monster’s territory. It could possibly be a sturgeon or some believe it is a relict population of prehistoric plesiosaurs.
Giglioli’s Whale is a supposed species of whale that was observed by Enrico Hillyer Giglioli. It’s known for having two dorsal fins as opposed to one or even none. The species, however, is not really recognized by the scientific community.
On the 4th of September, 1867 on a ship called the Magenta, Giglioli spotted whales that he could not identify. He observed for a quarter of an hour and wrote down very detailed observations. The whale looked similar to a rorqual whale, was 60 feet long with an elongated body, but the most notable feature was the two dorsal fins. No known whale has two dorsal fins as most have just one or even none. The next year there was another sighting of this kind of strange whale off the coast of Aberdeenshire in Scotland by Jacques Mairgret.
A possible explanation of this whale may be a genetic mutation. It is most likely just a species of rorqual that somehow ended up deformed or mutated by some means.