The Grootslang, also known as the Grote Slang (which means “big snake” in Afrikaans and Dutch language) is a legendary cryptid that supposedly lives in a deep cave in Richtersveld, South Africa. According to legend it is as old as the world itself. Centuries ago, the gods made a terrible mistake when they created Grootslang. They gave it incredible strength, made it cunning, and made it intelligent. After they realized their mistakes, they turned the Grootslang into several animals, resulting in the first snakes and elephants. However, one escaped and that is where the other Grootslang were born from it. It supposedly devours elephants that it lures into it’s cave. The cave is known as “Wonder Hole” or “Bottomless Pit” and it’s supposedly filled with diamonds. The Grootslang is said to be able to live in warm rivers as well as lakes. In Benin, it is supposedly a large elephant-like creature with a serpent’s tail.
Sankai (meaning “birth monster”) is known as kekkai in Saitoma Prefecture and Kanagawa Prefecture and kekke in Nagano Prefecture. The legends regarding its out appearance are sparse, but it is said to look like a cattle and is hairy. After birth it’s said to bury under the house to kill its mother. In Urawa, a practice existed of surrounding the bottom of a house with byōbu during childbirth to prevent this from happening. If the kekkai successfully escapes, the mother will die. In order to prevent this someone would have to guard the hearth usually with a shamoji.
The Brosno Dragon, or Brosnya, is a lake monster which is said to inhabit Lake Brosno near Andreapol in West Russia. It has been described as to resemble a dragon or a dinosaur. It is the subject of a number of regional legends, some that have been said to date back to the 13th century. Many people treat its existence skeptically and still claim it is not a dragon but a mutant beaver or a giant pike that is 100 to 150 years old. Others say that it is a group of wild boars and elk that cross the lake once in a while.
There are some scientific hypotheses about the dragon. Some think that the dragon is merely hydrogen sulfide gases going up from the bottom of the lake and making the water boil which in turn creates a dragon head, but the amount of hydrogen sulfide to make this would have to be enormous. There is also speculation that there is a volcano under Lake Brosno that is causing disturbances on the surface that are seen as something like a dragon. Fishermen say that the underwater world of the lake has several levels and that at times there are burbots and yellow perch that are in the lake. No one is entirely sure what is in Lake Brosno, but there are many possibilities as to what it is.
The giant squid, or genus Architeuthis, is a deep-sea dwelling squid. It can grow to tremendous sizes, and in recent estimates put the maximum size at 13 meters (43 feet) for females and 10 meters (33 feet) for males from the posterior fins to the tip of the two long tentacles. The mantle is about 2 meters (6.6 feet) and the length of the squid excluding the tentacles rarely exceeds 5 meters (16 feet) but bigger sizes have yet to be documented. The number of different species of giant squid have been debated but recent genetic research suggests that so far only one species exists.
In 2004, Japanese researchers took the first images of a live giant squid in its natural habitat, and in 2012 a live adult was filmed in its natural habitat of Chichi-jima.
Giglioli’s Whale is a supposed species of whale that was observed by Enrico Hillyer Giglioli. It’s known for having two dorsal fins as opposed to one or even none. The species, however, is not really recognized by the scientific community.
On the 4th of September, 1867 on a ship called the Magenta, Giglioli spotted whales that he could not identify. He observed for a quarter of an hour and wrote down very detailed observations. The whale looked similar to a rorqual whale, was 60 feet long with an elongated body, but the most notable feature was the two dorsal fins. No known whale has two dorsal fins as most have just one or even none. The next year there was another sighting of this kind of strange whale off the coast of Aberdeenshire in Scotland by Jacques Mairgret.
A possible explanation of this whale may be a genetic mutation. It is most likely just a species of rorqual that somehow ended up deformed or mutated by some means.
Hellhounds are know all around the world. They are supernatural dogs based in folklore and mythology. The features that are usually attributed to hellhounds are black mangled fur, glowing red eyes, super strength or super speed, phantom or ghostly characteristics, and a foul smell. Some European legends say that if you stare into the eyes of a hellhound three or more times you will die (I’ve heard if you look once into their eyes you’ll die or a loved one will die as well). Also in those legends, if you see or hear one howling it may mean death as well. In some cultures that associate hell or the afterlife with fire, hellhounds will have fire-based abilities and appearance. They often are said to have the duty of guarding the entrances to the world of the dead, such as graveyards and burial grounds, or take on other duties related to the afterlife and the supernatural, such as hunting lost souls or guarding ghostly treasures. Some of these supernatural dogs, such as the Welsh Cwn Annwn, are regarded as benign, but still encountering them was a sign of imminent death. The most famous hellhound would have to be Cerberus from Greek mythology.
The Chupacabra is a legendary creature and possible cryptid that has been spoken about for many years in Puerto Rico, Mexico, and the Americas. Its name is translated literally into “goat-sucker” because of how it kills and drains the blood from animals. There are various descriptions of the Chupacabra, some say it’s heavy and the size of a small bear. Others have said that it is a reptile-like creature with leathery or scaly greenish-gray skin and sharp spines or quills running down its back and is about three to four feet tall. Also that it can hop like a kangaroo. Another description is that it is a strange hairless breed of dog with a pronounced spinal ridge, pronounced eye sockets, fangs, and claws. There have been sightings since 1995 in Puerto Rico and are still being spotted today. Many biologists and wildlife management officials believe the Chupacabra is merely an urban legend.