The Brosno Dragon, or Brosnya, is a lake monster which is said to inhabit Lake Brosno near Andreapol in West Russia. It has been described as to resemble a dragon or a dinosaur. It is the subject of a number of regional legends, some that have been said to date back to the 13th century. Many people treat its existence skeptically and still claim it is not a dragon but a mutant beaver or a giant pike that is 100 to 150 years old. Others say that it is a group of wild boars and elk that cross the lake once in a while.
There are some scientific hypotheses about the dragon. Some think that the dragon is merely hydrogen sulfide gases going up from the bottom of the lake and making the water boil which in turn creates a dragon head, but the amount of hydrogen sulfide to make this would have to be enormous. There is also speculation that there is a volcano under Lake Brosno that is causing disturbances on the surface that are seen as something like a dragon. Fishermen say that the underwater world of the lake has several levels and that at times there are burbots and yellow perch that are in the lake. No one is entirely sure what is in Lake Brosno, but there are many possibilities as to what it is.
The giant squid, or genus Architeuthis, is a deep-sea dwelling squid. It can grow to tremendous sizes, and in recent estimates put the maximum size at 13 meters (43 feet) for females and 10 meters (33 feet) for males from the posterior fins to the tip of the two long tentacles. The mantle is about 2 meters (6.6 feet) and the length of the squid excluding the tentacles rarely exceeds 5 meters (16 feet) but bigger sizes have yet to be documented. The number of different species of giant squid have been debated but recent genetic research suggests that so far only one species exists.
In 2004, Japanese researchers took the first images of a live giant squid in its natural habitat, and in 2012 a live adult was filmed in its natural habitat of Chichi-jima.
The Turtle Lake Monster is something from Canadian folklore. It is some type of entity that lives in Turtle Lake in West Central Saskatchewan. It is usually described as being three to nine meters long (about 9.9 feet to 29.5 feet), scaly, has no dorsal fin, a head resembling a dog (also known to have a head to resemble a seahorse or a pig). Natives in the area are said to be nervous about the attention the supposed monster might bring to the area so they claim it is just a massive sturgeon that people are seeing. About once a year someone claims to see this creature or have some sort of encounter with it. Reports date back to pre-settlement days when the local Cree tribe had a legend of people who vanished without a trace when they ventured into the monster’s territory. It could possibly be a sturgeon or some believe it is a relict population of prehistoric plesiosaurs.
Giglioli’s Whale is a supposed species of whale that was observed by Enrico Hillyer Giglioli. It’s known for having two dorsal fins as opposed to one or even none. The species, however, is not really recognized by the scientific community.
On the 4th of September, 1867 on a ship called the Magenta, Giglioli spotted whales that he could not identify. He observed for a quarter of an hour and wrote down very detailed observations. The whale looked similar to a rorqual whale, was 60 feet long with an elongated body, but the most notable feature was the two dorsal fins. No known whale has two dorsal fins as most have just one or even none. The next year there was another sighting of this kind of strange whale off the coast of Aberdeenshire in Scotland by Jacques Mairgret.
A possible explanation of this whale may be a genetic mutation. It is most likely just a species of rorqual that somehow ended up deformed or mutated by some means.
The Ennedi Tiger is supposedly a living Sabertooth cat that is living on the Ennedi Plateau, located in the east of Chad in the Sub-Saharan Africa. There are reports of two species, one that is in the mountains and the other one is one that inhabits the water. The mountain one is larger than a lion and doesn’t have a tail. The teeth protrude from its mouth, and the feet are hairy. It is red or reddish brown with white stripes and it is strong enough to carry off very large antelopes. It is nocturnal and is a cave dweller.
The water one is said to be larger than a larger and very fierce and has protruding teeth as well. The colors are red with white markings to leopard-like with stripes and even to uniform brown. The teeth are described as walrus-like and the tail is long. The descriptions sound like a sabertooth cat to western explorers, but there is not a lot of information on it.
You may have heard of the Kelpie, a shape-shifting water horse that lives in Scotland that usually inhabits the lochs and pools in the country. It is usually described as appearing as a beautiful black horse, but can also look like a human. There are some accounts that they still keep their hooves (which have been mentioned that they are reversed compared to regular horses) which leads them to be associated with the Devil. Almost every body of water in Scotland has a Kelpie story. The origin in the belief of these malevolent water horses has been thought to have started in human sacrifices once made to appease water gods. However, narratives about the Kelpie also served as a practical use in keeping children away from dangerous waters and warning young women to stay away from handsome strangers. Douglas Harper, a historian and founder of the Online Etymology Dictionary, defines Kelpie as “the Lowland name of a demon in the shape of a horse”.
It is considered one of the most common water spirits in Scottish folklore, but the name is attributed to a few different forms in narratives recorded throughout the country. In the late 19th century there was an onset of interest in transcribing folklore, but the records are inconsistent in spelling and frequently anglicized words which could result in differing names for the same spirit.
People have been rumored to capture kelpies using a halter stamped with a cross and harnessing its incredible strength to pull and transport heavy mill stones. It can also be killed with a silver bullet like a werewolf.
Now a new part that I will be adding to my posts will be my own opinion of the topic at hand. I believe that kelpies are a beautiful part of Scottish history. I do believe in many things and am always optimistic to possible beings that are living among us and the kelpie is such an interesting creature that I’d love to see it be real. I believe strongly that anything is really possible, and a kelpie just might be possible.
The Zaratan is a giant sea turtle (sometimes an octopus or a whale) that is described in folklore and literature that has a large shell that resembles a sloped rocky mound that is supposedly several hundred feet in diameter. Sailors who came across it always mistook it for a small island and they would anchor on it for the night, but as nighttime approached the turtle would swim down into the water which unfortunately drowned the sailors. The Zaratan has also been described as being a giant fish that tries to bring its tail to its mouth but can’t due to its massive size. When a Zaratan gets hungry it is said to open its mouth extremely wide and release a sweet smell and when the fish come near it snaps its jaws shut in a similar fashion to an alligator snapping turtle. The Zaratan has been depicted as a whale in “Sinbad the Sailor” and is also believed to be the same as the Aspidochelone or the Kraken. It’s also believed that the original city of Atlantis was on top of the turtle and that when the turtle dove it destroyed the city and that’s what happened to it. The most similar type of folklore creature would be the turtle that holds the world on its back from many origins of the world stories.